Employment Support Allowance (ESA)
ESA is a benefit, which is paid if you are ill or disabled, providing financial support if you’re unable to work and personalised help so that you can work if you are able to.
You can apply for ESA, whether you are employed, self-employed or unemployed. You could be transferred to ESA if you’ve been claiming other benefits, for example, Income Support or Incapacity Benefit.
There are three types of ESA: New style ESA, income-based ESA and Contribution-based ESA. Your circumstances will determine which type you will receive.
‘New style’ ESA
Neither you or your partner’s income and savings will affect how much ‘new style’ ESA you will be paid.
If you are eligible for Universal Credit you will be able to claim it, at the same time or instead of the ‘new style’ ESA. However if you get both Universal Credit and ‘new style’ ESA at the same time, your ‘new style’ ESA payment will be deducted from your Universal Credit payment.
How is your ESA Assessed?
Reapplying for ESA
After your ‘new style’ or contribution-based ESA stops, it might be possible for you to re-apply. You would do this at least twelve weeks after your original claim has ended. Depending on:
You can make an application for ESA if you’re:
Health and work conversation
Work Capability Assessment
Income and savings
If you disagree with a decision about your claim you have the right to ask for a ‘mandatory reconsideration’. You should seek advice from a welfare benefits specialist, or contact your local advice agency.